Soybean is recognized as one of the premier crops around the world. It’s a major source of vegetable oil, protein and animal feed. Due to high protein content (>40%) and high oil content (>20%), Soybean is considered to be an important food commodity.The Soya Protein is called complete protein because it supplies sufficient amount of amino acids. Soybean oil contains no cholesterol. The acreage under this crop has doubled in past two decades to around 27 million acres currently being sown under this crop, with better returns encouraging more farmers to adopt this crop.Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh are the major cultivators of this important oilseed, with their respective contributions. .
Problems faced by farmers
In Soybean crops major problem is of weeds, which are harmful in many ways. They cause following damages to crop like reduction in crop yield and increase in the cost of cultivation. There are insects like Spodoptera, Semi-loopers, Heliothis Species & Girdle Beatle and diseases like rust and rotting are some of the major concerns for farmers.