Grape (Vitis sp.) belonging to Family Vitaceae is important commercial fruit crops grown on a large variety of soil. It is a temperate crop which has got adapted to sub-tropical climate of peninsular India. Maharashtra occupies majority of the total area under grape cultivation in the country. In India 75% of the produced grape is available for table purpose, nearly 22% is dried for raisin production and 1.5% is used for wine making and 0.5% for juice making. The total area under grape plantation in India is more than 3 lakh acre and Maharashtra is considered as the grape belt of the country.
Problems faced by farmers
Grape is a non-climacteric fruit which suffers from various problems in production like non-seasonal rains in flowering and maturity stage. Heat cold shock in winter resulting in berry burst which causes great loss to farmers. In the month of April, May & June there is acute water shortage in conception stage and cane maturity. Labour availability is the major challenge.