Chilli is one of the most important commercial crop grown in India. India is the major producer, consumer and exporter of chilli in the world. The major chilli growing states in India are Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Bihar and U.P. these states accounts for nearly 80% area under chilli cultivation in India. Chilli can be grown in all types of soil from light sandy to heavy soils. Chilli is very sensitive to water logging. Chilli is growing under both irrigated and rainfed condition. Even though its a rainfed crop, farmers consider this as one of the commercial crop.
Problems faced by farmers
Fungal Diseases are major problems in Chilli, fruit rot or die back, wilt, cercospora leaf spot and powdery mildew are among the many problems. Also pests like fruit borer, thrips, Mites are major challenges.