In the Indian subcontinent Basmati (Paddy) is a variety of long, slender-grained aromatic rice which is traditionally from the Indian subcontinent.India is the largest producer of Basmati in the world & as of 2014, India exported 65% of the overseas basmati rice market. In India Basmati Rice mainly grows in J & K, Himanchal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, uttarakhand and western Uttar Pradesh. Optimum climatic requirements for normal growth of Basmati are 20 - 35°C temperature throughout the crop duration, clear sky during day, low night temperatures and equitable distribution of rainfall.
Problems faced by farmers
Basmati rice cultivation in India is almost similar to normal rice cultivation but there are bigger threats like weeds, insects & fungus which continuously disturbs the crop & challenges the farmer . In order to meet the high growing demand for basmati, crop protection is the major concern for the farmers & new advance technological tool to fight against it.